In the year 1992, the Asia-Pacific Workshop on Multilateral Cooperation in Space Technology and Applications (AP-MCSTA) was held in Beijing. The participants from 16 Asia-Pacific countries unanimously agreed on promoting the multilateral cooperation in space technology and its applications in Asia-Pacific Region, and establishing consequently the Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO). From 1992 to 2003, seven conferences had been organized in Asia-Pacific countries, such as Thailand, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Bahrain, Iran and China.
In the year 2001, the Secretariat of AP-MCSTA was formally established in Beijing according to the recommendations of the Sixth Conference of AP-MCSTA. The mandate of the Secretariat was to facilitate programs of multilateral space cooperation in the Asia-Pacific Region and to promote the institutionalization of AP-MCSTA. From 2001 to 2004, several meetings were held in Beijing which were attended by official delegations from nine Asia-Pacific countries to draft the Convention of APSCO. The draft of the Convention was finalized in November 2003, and was delivered to those countries, which participated in the negotiations of the drafting, for their signatures in 2004.