Jointly organized by Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO) and International Space Science Institute-Beijing (ISSI-BJ), and supported by European Incoherent SCATter Scientific Association (EISCAT) and Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth of Chinese Academy of Science (RADI); the 2nd APSCO and ISSI-BJ International Space Science School was successfully held at the Sanya Remote Sensing Ground Station during 10-19 October, 2018. Dr. Mohammad Ebrahimi Seyedabadi, Director General of the Department of Education and Training and Database Management of APSCO, Prof. Maurizio Falanga, Executive Director of ISSI-BJ, Professor Craig Heinselman, Director of EISCAT, Yang Tianliang, Director of Sanya Remote Sensing Ground Station and Mr. Jonas Th¨¹rig, Representative of the Swiss Embassy in China attended the opening ceremony/reception on October 10th, and made welcome speeches, respectively.
The theme of this school was ¡°Study on the effects of space weather between the Sun and the Earth¡±. Nearly 60 students and 30 lecturers/tutors from 16 countries joined the school this time. Ten internationally renowned experts in space science, including Professor Wu Ji from National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Professor Alvaro Gim¨¦nez of the Spanish National Research Council, Professor Karl Ludwig Klein of Observatory of Paris, France, Professor Roger Bonnet, former Executive Director of the International Space Science Institute (ISI), Professor Thomas Berger from University of Colorado, USA, Professor Anita Aikio from University of Oulu, Finland, were invited as the lecturers. Moreover, another twenty scientists from the National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the University of Oslo (Norway), the Shandong University, and the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IKI) were invited to provide coaching and support.
Based on the key historical events such as the "Bastille Incident" in 2000 and the "Halloween Incident" in 2003, the workshop, focused on critical elements such as solar flares, solar winds, and coronal mass ejections, and introduced space weather phenomena of the Earth radiation belt, magnetic storm and sub storm, and high-energy charged particles detected by scientific satellites and related scientific data analysis and modeling research. In addition, the workshop further explored the causal connection of space weather events, spacecraft ionization effects, and the coupling effect between the Earth's magnetosphere, the ionosphere and the thermal layer, and discussed the impact of space weather on human economic and social development.
During the course, the lecturers started from "the Sun: from nuclear fusion to space weather", combined with a large number of actual cases of international space weather detection research, case data from scientific satellites including SOHO, Ulysses, Solar Orbiter and China's meridian engineering, etc., made an in-depth introduction to the results of multiple research directions in space weather. Fifty-one students from eight countries including China, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Thailand and Peru were divided into four groups, led by the twenty scientists and mentors, learned and communicated with each other on coupling and influence between the Earth¡¯s solar layer, magnetosphere, ionosphere and thermal layer, and space weather impact on satellite and ground infrastructure, incoherent scatter radar, etc. The training covered basic researches, data analysis and modeling of space weather research, as well as applied research on space weather forecasting.
At the last day of the School, 26 young students presented their results to the school audience which was very warmly welcome and appreciated.
The school not only provided an excellent platform and learning opportunity for these outstanding young students from different countries, but also reinforced their friendship and paved the way for further future international cooperation in space science. The next ISSI-BJ International Space Science Workshop will be held in 2020 in one of APSCO Member States.